6 August, 1991: the world’s first website goes online.
The World Wide Web was conceived by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989 at the CERN centre in Geneva, Switzerland, as a way for him to communicate with co-workers via hyperlinks. Thirty years later, WWW has become the main means of interaction, transaction and communication among humans, opening the door of opportunity for people in ways that would have been unimaginable to previous generations.
How it began
While working at CERN, Tim Berners-Lee wrote the code for WWW using a NeXT computer, to share documents among researchers across the world using hyperlinks.
More than 4 billion people use the internet today.
The world’s first website, at CERN, went online on August 6, 1991, and it’s still there: http://info.cern.ch/
Only Berners-Lee and his colleagues had browsers and so the world was not aware of the development.
Today, more than 1.7 billion websites are online.
Berners-Lee uploaded the first image to the internet, in 1992. It was of Les Horribles Cernettes, a parody pop band founded by CERN employees.
Internet is not WWW
The internet is a massive network of networks that connects millions of computers globally.
The WWW is the most widely used system to access the internet. The web is just one of the many services that uses the internet, others being email and internet telephony.
Surfing the Net
Jean Armour Polly, a librarian, is credited with coining the term surfing the web.
In March 1992, the master in library science had already published an article called “Surfing the Internet” in the University of Minnesota Wilson Library Bulletin.
The first network email was sent by computer engineer Ray Tomlinson in 1971. The email to himself said “something like QWERTYUIOP”. It was sent from one computer to another computer sitting right beside it in Cambridge, Massachusetts, but it traveled via ARPANET, a network of computers that was the precursor to the internet.
Deep, Dark Web
The queries that you search for are just a minuscule percentage of the internet and is often referred to as the ‘Surface Web’. This is accessible to anyone using the Internet.
The remaining part is called ‘Deep Web’ and it is much larger than the Surface Web. This contains 90% of the information on the internet, but it’s not accessible by Surface Web crawlers.
And then there’s the ‘Dark Web’, accessible only through certain browsers and requires specific software, configurations, or authorization to access.